There are many instances in life where people’s preconceived notions get in the way of greater understanding. In the world of podiatry, an example is that some people think bunions are only caused by high-heeled shoes worn by women. If this were the case, there would not be instances of juvenile bunions. The truth of the matter is that bunions can develop in children’s feet, too
Bunions on Children’s Feet
A bunion is a condition where the big toe begins to drift inwards towards the second toe, which results in a bony protrusion being formed at the base of the toe (where it meets the foot). The impacted joint—the metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ)—can then push out from the inner edge of your child’s foot, as the metatarsal bone starts to angle out in that direction.
Unlike bunions that can develop in adult women’s feet, those in kids are not normally caused by footwear. Rather, this is usually an inherited condition passed along in your genes. There is also a correlation between bunions and flat feet in children, often attributed to the overpronation that occurs with every step. This faulty biomechanical process places excessive pressure on the big toe joint, which can then lead to this toe deformity.
Bunion Symptoms for Kids
The symptoms for bunions are generally the same for children as they are for adults. Typically, they are only noted in one foot or the other, which means they are asymptomatic in nature. Common signs and symptoms of the condition include:
- The bony bump found at MTPJ
- Swelling and redness in the affected area
- Difficulty wearing normal shoes
- Pain while playing sports or even simply walking
- Hypermobility (floppiness or loose ligaments) in the joint